Kalka Shimla Railway
Estd. 1903

Kalka Shimla Railway

A UNESCO World Heritage Site


Ambala Division is the proud custodian of "WORLD HERITAGE SITE-KALKA SHIMLA RAILWAY". The heritage status to KSR was awarded on 10th July, 2008 by UNESCO.

Shimla (then spelt Simla) was settled by the British shortly after the first Anglo- Gurkha war and is located at 7,116 feet(2,169m) in the foothills of the Himalaya. By the 1830s, Shimla had already developed as a major base for the British. It became the summer capital of British India in 1864, and also the Headquarters of the British army in India. The Kalka- Shimla Railway was built to connect Shimla, the summer capital of India during the British Raj, with the Indian rail system.

"The Guinness Book of Rail facts & feats" records Kalka Shimla Railways as the greatest narrow gauge engineering in India. It is indeed true, construction of 103 tunnels (102 Existing) aggregating five miles and over 800 bridge in three years, that too in rough and hostile terrain was not an easy task.

The Historic, approximate 114 years old KLK-SML Railway line which was opened for public traffic on 9th Nov.1903, became UNESCO Declared world Heritage Railway line, when it was conferred Heritage status on 10th July 2008 & listed under "Mountain Railways of India".

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